научное издание МГТУ им. Н.Э. Баумана
НАУКА и ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ
Издатель ФГБОУ ВПО "МГТУ им. Н.Э. Баумана". Эл № ФС 77 - 48211. ISSN 1994-0408
Техническое образование во Франции (часть II) (англоязычный вариант)
New Educational Paths for engineers in France
NFI (literally : «Nouvelles Formations d'Ingйnieurs», New Engineering Programs), also called «Decomps Programs», were created after 1990 through partnerships with companies in order to train more technologically oriented engineers. Creating these programs was a strong innovation : new programs were designed on the entirely new idea - at that level - of alternating academic periods and long internships within companies. .
Compared to other engineering programs, NFIs have shorter and lighter courses, and much greater periods within companies under the leadership of advisers (alternating education ).
NFI studies organisation
Initial education leads to entering the NFIs at the Baccalaurйat level: in this case, studies last 5 years and include 3 years of academic training and 2 years within companies.
Other NFIs may be entered at the bac+2 level, after DUT or BTS graduation ; in this case, studies last 3 years, including 2 years in companies.
Training curricula in NFIs differ from traditional curricula essentially on three points :
Academical teaching approximately represents 3.200 hours of training after Baccalaurйat, or 1.600 hours after bac+2. In a 5-year program, the first two years are usually based upon an existing training cycle (first university cycle, IUT or STS) and aim at consolidating fundamental knowledge (mathematics, physics) and introducing the specialty. In the second cycle (the 3 last school years), courses are mainly focused on the specialization domains, methods, engineering methodology and management training. NFI graduates get an engineering degree recognized by CTI ("Commission des Titres d'Ingenieur").
Other higher technical programs
IUP : «Instituts Universitaires Professionnalisйs»
IUPs were created in 1991 within universities, according to a general policy aimed at increasing the amount of graduates able to hold leadership positions.
IUPs offer three-year programs beginning at the bac+1 level.
These programs include :
training includes at least 1600 hours and at most 2000 hours of courses.
A degree of «ingйnieur-maоtre» at the level bac + 4
The following degrees are being delivered by IUPs :
of "ingenieur-maоtre" may be delivered by the dean to students, when proposed
a special jury that looks at the exam results.
Specialized «Mastиres» («MS»)
opened their doors in 1986, as complementary, business-oriented, specialized
education for engineering school graduates whose initial training was not
MS is not a degree; it is a label given by the "Conference des Grandes Ecoles" (CGE) to specific graduate programs organized by engineering or management "Grandes Ecoles". The use of this label is protected by law. The authorization to use the label is given by a special committee, composed of professional and academic representatives.
Duration and program :
MSs last at least 12 months, but they may last 18 months or 2 years.
The curriculum includes :
Some general data and trends
Receiving foreign students in France is part of a long tradition of hospitality: France is the European country with the highest percentage of foreign students in higher education. In the last twenty years, foreign students have also come not only from French speaking countries, but from Asia or Latin America under the influence of scientific cooperation agreements (initiated in 1976). More recently, the international overture policy of engineering schools has been strongly oriented towards Europe, under the influence of European Community educational programs.
Almost all French educational institutions offer their students opportunities to stay abroad (mainly in Europe, Canada, USA) for internships lasting several months, or courses lasting one or more years leading sometimes to double degrees when partnerships with European or American universities allow them. Student population interested in such programs ranges between 10 % and 50 %, up to 60 % in some schools (ESIEE, UTC).
Some indications for foreign students wishing to pursue engineering studies in France
1. Preparing an engineering degree
Because of the selective French engineering schools admission system, students need a very good high school level in mathematics and physics, which generally makes it difficult for foreign students to prepare French engineering degrees.